Mr. Johnston

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Posted: February 15, 2017


Wed, Feb 22/17 12:00 pm

Chapter 1: Finding Your Way

·         Know all vocabulary

·         Physical vs. cultural features = be able to give examples

·         Know how to use coordinates on a topographic map; be able to locate physical/cultural features

·         Know how to find a city using latitude/longitude; know how to give latitude/longitude coordinates for a city

·         Know how to follow directions on a large-scale city map

·         Know names of all four provinces AND their capital cities

Period 1: Writing 110

  • Finish Draft of letter started in class.  "Write a reflective letter outlining your writing goals for this sememster."  This should be directed towards two intended audiences; firstly, me your teacher, but secondly, and more importantly, the future you who will check to see how you have improved or met your goals at semester's end.  You may write about certain traits of writing upon which you wish to improve, you may wish to write about certain types of writing you would like to attempt/explore.  These are personal writing goals, make them suited to yourself.

Period 2: Canadian Identity 9T

  • "Writers Reflect Canadsian Identity."  Reread pp.12-16.
  • Answer Review & Reflect questions #1-3 (15 minutes in class were given for this and it was hinted they may be taken in for marks)

Period 4: Social Studies 8


Period 5: World Issues 120

Posted: February 6, 2017

Period 1: Writing 110

  • Be thinking of potential list of topics for a "Personal Writing Inventory"

Period 2: Canadian Identity 9T

  • Review & Reflect questions #s 1&2 on p.8.  Incorrectly identified in class as p.9

Period 4: Social Studies 8

  • Read pp.5-7
  • Answer questions #s 4 AND 6 on p.7.

Period 5: World Issues 120

  • Obtain a news clipping from a newspaper, journal, or magazine.  Try to have it be of a world event.  Suggested websites:

Posted: February 5, 2017

Period 1: Writing 110

  • Students are completing a Preliminary Diagnostic piece of writing.  They chose 1 of 3 topics provided on Friday and are to complete 500wds for Monday (rough draft) to be handed in but NOT to be used for marking.  This is formative assessment.
  • NEED a composition notebook to be used for Quickwrites and Journal entries; of this sort is acceptable and commonly found in dollar stores or drug stores

Period 2: Canadian Identity 9T

  • Read pp.2-3 and answer Review & Reflect questions 2,3 on p.3.

Period 4: Social Studies 8

  • Answer questions 1-3 on p.4 of the textbook.
  • Answer questions 1-3 on p.7 of the textbook.

Period 5: World Issues 120

  • Course outline was handed out and discussed as were the guidelines for the end-of-term Scrapbook Project.
  • Article of the Week:  "Donald Trump Defends Tough Phone Calls."  This article was handed out but is also available here AND is link is provided on the course twitter account @BHSWorldIssues.  Rubric was also provided for how your articles of the week will be marked(I will attach to this site, in the documents tab, those rubric guidelines).  Expectation is that articles of the week will be a response of about 1-page in length and will go beyond summarizing the article; they will reflect upon the implications of the topic discussed on the local, regional and world stage.

Posted: February 2, 2017

Today in class, students were assigned a seating plan.  They were handed out textbooks.  They were given maps of the four Atlantic Provinces. They were taught about Longitude and Latitude.  They were also sent home with a worksheet assignment; the expectation being that they identify the latitude/longitude coordinates for the first three locations: Blackville, NB; O'Leary, PE, & Windsor, NS.  

IF a student was absent or forgot their sheet at school, that is not an excuse.  If you don't understand the work, ask a parent for help; call a friend (you'd do the same for gossip of what happened at school, make it the same for work).

I have, for your benefit included the worksheet and a picture of the map which all of the students are using.


Posted: January 12, 2017


Wed, Jan 25/17 8:35 am

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Canadian Identity

·         Be prepared to give a personal definition of Canadian Identity, what it includes and what it is affected by.  Feel free to include anything you have learned in this course.

·         ART= French, British, Aboriginal.  How does their art reflect Canadian identity?  What affected or influenced their art?

·         CRTC=What is it? What is its role?  Is it still relevant/needed?


Chapter 2: Canada’s Physical Geography

·         What is topography?  What are the elements of topography (elevation, relief, gradient, geology)

·         How are landforms shaped? (weathering, erosion, deposition, mountain building)

·         Eight Landform Regions = How are Canada’s geographic regions classified?  What are the 8?  Be able to place them on a map.  Be able to describe them or give a detail of each.

·         Climate = what are the Global and Regional factors that affect climate.  Global are:  latitude, air masses & winds, ocean currents; Regional are: altitude, bodies of water, mountain barriers.  Be able to explain how all these factors affect climate.

·         What are the climate regions in Canada?  A. TropicalB. Dry ClimateC. Warm, Moist D. Cool, Moist (also known as temperate continental)E. Polar


Chapter 3: Canada’s People

·         Pop.Density & Pop. Distribution:  What are each?  Be prepared to define and explain w/ reference to Canada. 

·          Population Distribution = why have we chosen to live where we have to live? (near the border, around lakes & rivers, near natural resources)

·         Site vs. Situation factors.  Define each.  Be prepared to discuss w/ real life Canadian examples. P.43 in your textbookCanadian settlement patterns = In different regions of Canada, what occurred? The regions of Atlantic Canada, New France(Quebec), Ontario, Prairies, British Columbia and the North

·         Decline of rural population – Know percentages know the dates1881 = 75% rural; 1961 = 62% urban; 2001 = 81% urban

·         Industrial revolution…what was it?  What effect would it have on pop. distribution?

·         What are the 5 political regions of Canada?  Be able to name and describe them or give details about them.  P.52 in textbook.

·         Where is the core?  What is it the core? What is the periphery and what does it provide to the core?


Chapter 4: Migration

·         Know the different ways that it is believed First Nations came to Canada.

·         Know the difference between Push & Pull factors.  Be prepared to explain or give an example that is clear and understood.

·         What is “multiculturalism”?  Has Canadian immigration always promoted a multicultural society?  If not, explain specifically how not.

·         What is the difference between Canada’s acceptance of immigrants pre-1945 and post-1945?What are the three classes of Canadian immigrants?  Be prepared to explain each.  How many immigrants does Canada accept a year?

·         What is emigration?  What is the “brain drain?”  Why should we be concerned about a brain drain?   Why shouldn’t we be concerned about a brain drain?


Chapter 5: Responses to Geographic Influences

·         Know the location of Australia.  How does it compare/contrast to Canada?

·         Know the climate zones of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

·         Know the landforms of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

·         Know Australia’s population, population density, population distribution, and land area size.  How do these compare/contrast to Canada?  


Chapter 6: Prosperity & Depression

·         What was life like in Canada post World War I?

·         Why was the Maritime economy so particularly depressed just post-WWI? (think about rail/freight costs, tariffs, lack of capital investment)

·         Be prepared to explain the importance of electricity in boosting the economy. 

·         How did lifestyles begin to change in the 1920’s?

·         Era of Prosperity = 1920’s; but not everybody enjoyed prosperity.  Who didn’t and why?  What was life like for them?

·         Tues. Oct.29th, 1929 = Black Tuesday. 

·         What were the root causes of the Depression? (this is on my webpage; for the love of God and all that is holy look it up…for your sake and my sanity) 

·         What was the Depression?  What was life like during the Depression?  Be prepared to describe it in detail. 

·         Who was Bennett?  Be prepared to discuss him and his importance/legacy.  


Chapter 7: Canada at War


·         Be prepared to explain the four phases of WWII and more specifically what Canada’s role was in each of these stages?  At war’s end, where did Canada stand in the ranks of world powers?

Posted: December 18, 2016


Thu, Dec 22/16 11:03 am


Chapter 8: Investigation and Arrest


Multiple Choice (15pts)

Fill-in-the-Blanks (10pts)

Matching (5pts)

Short Answer Questions (15pts)

Case Studies x 2 (5pts each)


·         Know all definitions from each of the four sections

·         Review all questions and answers that were given for each of the four sections.

Section 1: Levels of Police in Canada

·         What are the four levels of police? For where are they responsible?

·         With what type of responsibilities are each level of police force tasked? Ie: RCMP are responsible for federal policing, criminal intelligence, and customs and excise; while Provincial police are responsible for traffic control, investigative services; Municipal police are responsible for investigative services in respective cities, enforcing by-laws, and executing warrants (once again within city).

·         NOTE: generally, police force responsibilities are all very similar, its just a question of jurisdiction

·         What are the only three provinces that have their own Provincial Police force?

Section 2: Starting a Police Investigation

·         What is the difference between a centre and a perimeter?  What does contamination mean?

·         What are the 3 reasons for preserving a crime scene? 1)allow for a thorough search; 2) to seize and collect physical evidence; 3)ensure that evidence is admissible in court

·         What is a police log and why is it kept?

·         What are the four types of officers at a crime scene?  Be able to briefly describe their role or function at a crime scene.

Section 3: Identifying and Collecting Physical Evidence

·         Be able to differentiate (tell the difference) between class characteristics and individual characteristics.  You could focus on examples like tires or footprints.

·         What kind of information can be gathered from footprints at a crime scene?

·         Fingerprints: What are the three different ways to ‘lift’ latent prints?

·         Know the definitions of physical evidence and forensic science.

·         What is the most common body substance found at a crime scene? Its blood.  What other body elements may be found? How do we test them?  Police need what to compel (force) you to provice a blood/urine/breath sample? = a warrant.  When is a warrant NOT needed to get one of these samples?

·         DNA.  DNA differs for every human with what exception?

·         Differentiate between a chain of custody and labelling evidence.  Why do we have a chain of custody?  What type of information appears on an evidence label?

Section 4: Arrest and Detention

·         Can a police officer force someone to answer questions?  Why not?  What protects a suspect or individual?

·         Through what document are an individual’s rights guaranteed.

·         What is the four stage approach to interrogating a suspect? (see p.202) Be able to give examples of open-ended and close-ended questions in an interrogation.

·         What is the procedure for arresting an individual?  Be prepared to list the four steps.

·         Are you require to question someone before arresting them?

·         What is the difference between an arrest and a detention?  What is the purpose of a detention?  In order to arrest, police must have what? = reasonable grounds.  What is the meaning of reasonable grounds?

·         What are the three methods for apprehending an offender?  1)an appearance notice, 2)arrest with a warrant, 3)arrest without a warrant.  Be prepared to explain how each of the three work.  When can police arrest without a warrant?  What is an information?  To whom is it given?

·         What is a summons?  Under what circumstances is it usually issued?

·         Explain the procedure for a citizen’s arrest.  Why are they rarely done?

·         Search Warrant = what are they? when are they needed? Is there ever circumstances they are not needed?  Explain if so.

Section 5: Pre-Trial Release

·         Know the three ways that somebody may be released pre-trail: 1)promise to appear; 2)recognizance; and 3)surety.  Be able to explain any or all.


·         What is reverse onus in reference to bail?  Under what four circumstances is it applicable?

Posted: December 13, 2016


Tue, Dec 20/16 9:40 am

NOTE:  Test post-poned until Tues. Dec. 20th, 2016


1.      What was the difference between the 1920s and the 1930s economically?

2.      How did the end of WWI affect the Canadian economy?

3.      How was the experience of Atlantic Canada different from the rest of Canada when talking about the Roaring Twenties? hint: Look in A Stalled Economy for Others

4.      Definitions – need to know, and be able to explain, tariff, primary vs. secondary industry, installment plan

5.      What factors hampered the Maritime economy in the 1920s? (see p.88 of textbook, you’ve already answered this)

6.      What was the experience of the First Nations in the 1920s? Know the word assimilate.  Know residential schools. Know Indian Act restrictions. (all on p.92)

7.      How did electricity drive economic growth in the 1920s?  What effect did mass production have on life of the 1920s?

8.      How did women’s roles change in the 1920’s?  Look at education on p.91 and track through to Changing and Conflicting Attitudes on p.94.

9.      Definitions – know the terms stocks, share, dividend, public relief, public works and balanced budget.

10.  How did the stock market and stocks and shares help the economy to grow in the 1920s (before the Great Depression that is)?

11.  What is Black Tuesday?  When and why did the stock market crash? Answer – Thurs. Oct.24th – Tues.Oct.29th,  1929 because share prices started to fall and became worth less money.  People panicked, tried to get their money out of stocks, this caused them to crash/fall faster.  Without confidence in the market by investors, the market crashed.

12.  What are the root causes of the Depression? Answer - With easy and available credit, people bought and sold more goods.  Credit was even being used to buy stocks.  Everybody believed the good times would not end, so they spent money freely.  Canada’s economy was closely tied to that of the US.  As their economy slowed, so did ours.  In Canada, we relied on trade to foreign countries for growth and by 1932 this dropped by 50%.

13.  Describe the difficult conditions of the Depression – hint: look to “Social Conditions” and “Hard Times Across the Country” in your notes as two sources.

14.  What were the new political parties created out of the Depression?  Why might they be considered only regional parties?  What ideas did each of them offer and why would these ideas have been attractive to Canadians?

15.  Explain the significance of terms like “Bennett buggie,” “eggs Bennett,” “Bennett blanket,” and “Bennett coffee.”  What does this tell us about Canadian’s perceptions of R.B. Bennett.

16.  What was the trend of the unemployment rate in Canada over the course of the late 1920s and 1930s?


17.      From what we have studied, explain why this chapter is titled what it is?

Posted: November 29, 2016

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Per. 1: Canadian Literature 120

  • Make sure you have finished reading to the end of p.210 in "Book of Negroes"
  • Have all questions finished to the end of this section:  questions for this section (including those handed out today) can be found as an attachment to this note.

Per. 2: Canadian Identity 9

  • Wrote the Chapter 5: Response to Geographic Influences test today.  Anyone absent will need to arrange a lunchtime or after school time to write this test immediately upon their return.

Per.3: Law 120

  • Wrote the Chapter 7:Criminal Court Structure test today.  Anyone absent will need to arrange a lunchtime or after school time to write this test immediately upon their return.
  • From Monday, when we began Chapter 8: Investigations & Arrest, Sec.1: Levels of Police in Canada, students will need to ensure they have read pp.189-193.  ALSO, students are responsible for completing "Building Your Understanding p.193" #'s 1 & 2.

Per.4: Writing 110

  • Students today continued drafting their picture prompt narrative chosen from "The Mysteries of Harris Burdick."  The following is a link to those pictures AND the title/story line from each that must guide your stories.
  • There is no expectation to have this finished for tomorrow; however, students should be thinking of the story they wish to tell which will capture audiences attention, entertain audiences, and keep them reading.

Posted: November 24, 2016


Tue, Nov 29/16 11:03 am


Multiple Choice (20pts)

Fill-in-the-Blanks (8pts)

Short Answer Questions (12pts)

Essay (10pts)

Case Study (5pts)


Criminal Court Structure

·         Provincial Courts à where do they rank? (chart p.163)  How are some divided?  What type of cases do they hear?  Who appoints judges to it?

·         What is a preliminary hearing?  Which courts hear these?

·         Federal Courtsà what types are there?  Trial Division, Appeal Division, Supreme Court (other courts included Tax Court & Court Martial Appeal Court); what kind of cases do they hear? (p.166) 

·         What is the difference between a summary and an indictable offence? (p.164)

·         What is the highest court within a province?

·         Supreme Court à what are its functions?  How many judges are there and from where?

·         What are the differences among Section 469, 553 and 554 criminal code offences?

The Participants

·         What are 2 fundamental principles that guide Canada’s criminal justice system? (p.168)

·         How do a judge and justice of the peace differ?  How are they similar?

·         A person charged w/ a crime is referred to as what? (2 different ways)

·         What is duty counsel and how do they compare to defense counsel?  How does a defense counsel’s job change depending on your plea?

·         What are the names for lawyers representing the government’s or society’s interests?

·         What do court clerks, court reporters, court security, and bailiffs do?

·         Witnesses are summoned to court by what document? 

·         What is lying under oath called? What is the punishment for it?

Role of the Jury

·         How many on a jury normally?  What are the eligibility requirements for jury duty? (2things)

·         What is the role of the jury foreperson?  How are they chosen?

·         How is a jury chosen?  From jury panel forward be prepared to explain.

·         What is a challenge for cause?  What are some examples of cause?  What is a peremptory challenge?  Why do they exist?  How many of either challenges do you get?

The Criminal Trial Process

·         What are the steps/stages in a criminal trial and be prepared to explain each.

1.       arraignment

2.       jury selection

3.       judges’ address to jury

4.       opening statements by the Crown

5.       Crown Witness (direct/indirect examinations)

6.       option of a motion for dismissal by defense

7.       opening statements by defense

8.       defense witnesses (direct/indirect examination)

9.       Rebuttal

10.   Surrebuttal

11.   Closing Arguments (Crown goes first is defense called no witnesses)

12.   Judges address to jury

13.   Jury deliberates

14.   Jury returns verdict

·         What is an indirect vs direct examination?

·         What are the 5 grounds for objection and be prepared to explain and give example of each. (p.176)  How and when is objection handled in court?

·         What is a hung jury?  What happens if it occurs? (p.182)

·         What is direct evidence?  How does it differ from circumstantial evidence?

·         What is the opening statements purpose?  What is it not meant to be?

·         What is the charge to the jury meant to be and why must the judge be careful in its delivery?


·         What is an appeal?  When are they held?  By whom?  What are the parties called at an appeal?


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World Issues 120 - Rubric for Written Reflection to Article of the Week