Posted: May 31, 2016
Chapter 5: What is Culture? Test Review
·Be able to give a definition of culture and explain the different elements that make up culture.
·What is the difference between a genetic trait and a cultural trait?
·Know what an anthropologist is.
·What are the common characteristics that are found in all cultures according to George P. Murdock? (p.68 in textbook)
·Be able to list/describe what physical needs and emotional needs are. Also, if given a scenario like on p.70, be ready to describe what needs are being met by that situation.
·What is the difference between material and non-material culture? What category do values fit in? Be ready to divide a list AND explain why you did so of cultural characteristics into material and non-material.
·What is traditional culture vs. popular culture? Explain from where we get popular culture. How can popular culture sometimes come into conflict or tension with our traditional culture? (eg: for First Nations, it would be popular culture to speak English but many homes still try to promote their First Nations language)
·What is an agent of socialization? It is an institution or organization which passes culture onto the next generation. Be prepared to list a few agents of socialization and explain how they pass on culture.
·What are three methods for resolving conflict? Why do you think we studied those in a chapter called “What is Culture?”