Mr. Johnston

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Posted: May 31, 2016

Date: 

Thu, Jun 2/16 10:50 am

Chapter 5: What is Culture? Test Review

·Be able to give a definition of culture and explain the different elements that make up culture.

·What is the difference between a genetic trait and a cultural trait?

·Know what an anthropologist is.

·What are the common characteristics that are found in all cultures according to George P. Murdock? (p.68 in textbook)

·Be able to list/describe what physical needs and emotional needs are.  Also, if given a scenario like on p.70, be ready to describe what needs are being met by that situation.

·What is the difference between material and non-material culture?  What category do values fit in?  Be ready to divide a list AND explain why you did so of cultural characteristics into material and non-material.

·What is traditional culture vs. popular culture?  Explain from where we get popular culture.  How can popular culture sometimes come into conflict or tension with our traditional culture? (eg: for First Nations, it would be popular culture to speak English but many homes still try to promote their First Nations language)

·What is an agent of socialization?  It is an institution or organization which passes culture onto the next generation.  Be prepared to list a few agents of socialization and explain how they pass on culture.

·What are three methods for resolving conflict?  Why do you think we studied those in a chapter called “What is Culture?”  

Posted: May 30, 2016

Date: 

Wed, Jun 15/16 8:35 am

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Canadian Identity


  • Be prepared to give a personal definition of Canadian Identity, what it includes and what it is affected by.  Feel free to include anything you have learned in this course.

  • ART= French, British, Aboriginal.  How does their art reflect Canadian identity?  What affected or influenced their art?

  • CRTC=What is it? What is its role?  Is it still relevant/needed?


Chapter 2: Canada’s Physical Geography


  • What is topography?  What are the elements of topography (elevation, relief, gradient, geology)

  • How are landforms shaped? (weathering, erosion, deposition, mountain building)

  • Eight Landform Regions = How are Canada’s geographic regions classified?  What are the 8?  Be able to place them on a map.  Be able to describe them or give a detail of each.

  • Climate = what are the Global and Regional factors that effect climate.  Global are:  latitude, air masses & winds, ocean currents; Regional are: altitude, bodies of water, mountain barriers.  Be able to explain how all these factors affect climate.

  • What are the climate regions in Canada? 

    • A. Tropical

    • B. Dry Climate

    • C. Warm, Moist

    • D. Cool, Moist (also known as temperate continental)

    • E. Polar


Chapter 3: Canada’s People


  • Pop.Density & Pop. Distribution:  What are each?  Be prepared to define and explain w/ reference to Canada.  Population Distribution = why have we chosen to live where we have to live? (near the border, around lakes & rivers, near natural resources)

  • Site vs. Situation factors.  Define each.  Be prepared to discuss w/ real life Canadian examples. P.43 in your textbook

  • Canadian settlement patterns = In different regions of Canada, what occurred? The regions of Atlantic Canada, New France(Quebec), Ontario, Prairies, British Columbia and the North

  • Decline of rural population –

    • Know percentages know the dates

      • 1881 = 75% rural

      • 1961 = 62% urban

      • 2001 = 81% urban

    • Industrial revolution…what was it?  What effect would it have on pop. distribution?

  • What are the 5 political regions of Canada?  Be able to name and describe them or give details about them.  P.52 in textbook.

  • Where is the core?  What is it the core?


Chapter 4: Migration


  • Know the different ways that it is believed First Nations came to Canada.

  • Know the difference between Push & Pull factors.  Be prepared to explain or give an example that is clear and understood.

  • What is “multiculturalism”?  Has Canadian immigration always promoted a multicultural society?  If not, explain specifically how not.

  • What is the difference between Canada’s acceptance of immigrants pre-1945 and post-1945?

  • What are the three classes of Canadian immigrants?  Be prepared to explain each.  How many immigrants does Canada accept a year?

  • What is emigration?  What is the “brain drain?”  Why should we be concerned about a brain drain?   Why shouldn’t we be concerned about a brain drain?


Chapter 5: Responses to Geographic Influences


  • Know the location of Australia.  How does it compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the climate zones of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the landforms of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know Australia’s population, population density, population distribution, and land area size.  How do these compare/contrast to Canada?


Chapter 6: Prosperity & Depression


  • What was life like in Canada post World War I?

  • Why was the Maritime economy so particularly depressed just post-WWI? (think about rail/freight costs, tariffs, lack of capital investment)

  • Be prepared to explain the importance of electricity in boosting the economy.  How did lifestyles begin to change in the 1920’s?

  • Era of Prosperity = 1920’s; but not everybody enjoyed prosperity.  Who didn’t and why?  What was life like for them?

  • Tues. Oct.29th, 1929 = Black Tuesday.  What were the root causes of the Depression? (this is on my webpage; for the love of God and all that is holy look it up…for your sake and my sanity)  What was the Depression?

  • What was life like during the Depression?  Be prepared to describe it in detail.

  • Who was Bennett?  Be prepared to discuss him and his importance/legacy.


Chapter 7: Canada at War


  • Be prepared to explain the four phases of WWII and more specifically what Canada’s role was in each of these stages?

  • At war’s end, where did Canada stand in the ranks of world powers?

 

Date: 

Tue, Jun 7/16 9:40 am

TEST REVIEW

Chapter 7: Canada at War

  • What are the general dates of the war?  Beginning à End = September of 1939 to May/August of 1945.  Different countries ‘started’ the war at different times; Canada came in Sept.10th, 1939.  Victory in Europe was May 8th, 1945 and Victory in Japan was August 15th, 1945

  • What is generally accepted as the cause of WWII? = Generally believed that the punishing conditions of the Treaty of Versailles caused the War.  It took away land from Germany after WWI and forced it to pay reparations.  Resentment existed and Germany elected a leader who promised he would rip up the Treaty of Versailles.

  • What are reparations? =

  • What is appeasement? =

  • What is conscription? =

  • What are the four phases of the war?  Dates for these?  What was going on in general at this time and what was Canada doing specifically?

    • Phase I = “The Phony War” Sept. ’39 – Jun. ‘40

    • Phase II = begins badly for Allies but by its end it was a question of when not IF they would win.  Jun. ’40 – Jul. ‘43

    • Phase III = Allies on the offensive on all fronts. Jul. ’43 – Jun. ‘44

    • Phase IV = the final phase, the final push. Starts w/ D-Day and landing at beaches in Normandy. Jun. ’44 – Sept.’45

  • Who were the Allies?  Who were the Axis powers? = Allies were Britain, France, Canada, and eventually United States and Soviet Union.  Axis powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan.

  • What was Canada’s role early on in the war?  How did this role change over time?  What caused the change?

  • Explain the significance of the following battles to the war:

    • El Alemein

    • Pearl Harbour

    • Midway

    • Stalingrad

    • Dieppe

    • D-Day Invasion

  • What was the Manhattan project?  What did it create?  What was done with that creation?  Who was involved in the Manhattan project?

  • Atomic Bombs: Where were they dropped?  How many were killed by the initial blast?  How many were killed by the radiation in the months after?  Why were these bombings controversial?

  • What is a genocide? =

  • What was the Holocaust? =

  • How many Jews were killed in the Holocaust?  Were they the only target?  Where were these people killed?  What were these camps called?  What were some of the names of the camps?

Propaganda Posters = Be prepared to interpret and analyze one.  I will be picking one of the posters from the War Museum’s webpage.

Posted: May 29, 2016

Date: 

Thu, Jun 2/16 2:00 pm

Date: 

Wed, May 25/16 9:40 am

TEST REVIEW CHAPTER 6: PROSPERITY AND DEPRESSION  

1.      What was the difference between the 1920s and the 1930s economically?

2.      How did the end of WWI affect the Canadian economy?

3.      How was the experience of Atlantic Canada different from the rest of Canada when talking about the Roaring Twenties? hint: Look in A Stalled Economy for Others

4.      Definitions – need to know, and be able to explain, tariff, primary vs. secondary industry, installment plan

5.      What factors hampered the Maritime economy in the 1920s? (see p.88 of textbook, you’ve already answered this)

6.      What was the experience of the First Nations in the 1920s? Know the word assimilate.  Know residential schools. Know Indian Act restrictions. (all on p.92)

7.      How did electricity drive economic growth in the 1920s?  What effect did mass production have on life of the 1920s?

8.      How did women’s roles change in the 1920’s?  Look at education on p.91 and track through to Changing and Conflicting Attitudes on p.94.

9.      Definitions – know the terms stocks, share, dividend, public relief, public works and balanced budget.

10.  How did the stock market and stocks and shares help the economy to grow in the 1920s (before the Great Depression that is)?

11.  What is Black Tuesday?  When and why did the stock market crash? Answer – Thurs. Oct.24th – Tues.Oct.29th,  1929 because share prices started to fall and became worth less money.  People panicked, tried to get their money out of stocks, this caused them to crash/fall faster.  Without confidence in the market by investors, the market crashed.

12.  What are the root causes of the Depression? Answer - With easy and available credit, people bought and sold more goods.  Credit was even being used to buy stocks.  Everybody believed the good times would not end, so they spent money freely.  Canada’s economy was closely tied to that of the US.  As their economy slowed, so did ours.  In Canada, we relied on trade to foreign countries for growth and by 1932 this dropped by 50%.

13.  Describe the difficult conditions of the Depression – hint: look to “Social Conditions” and “Hard Times Across the Country” in your notes as two sources.

14.  What were the new political parties created out of the Depression?  Why might they be considered only regional parties?  What ideas did each of them offer and why would these ideas have been attractive to Canadians?

15.  Explain the significance of terms like “Bennett buggie,” “eggs Bennett,” “Bennett blanket,” and “Bennett coffee.”  What does this tell us about Canadian’s perceptions of R.B. Bennett.

16.  What was the trend of the unemployment rate in Canada over the course of the late 1920s and 1930s?

17.      From what we have studied, explain why this chapter is titled what it is?

Date: 

Wed, May 11/16 10:50 am

Chapter 4:  A Place to LiveReview

  • Know the definitions for population density and population distribution.  If given the population and area for each province, be prepared to calculate the population density.
  • Know the difference between clustered, compact, loose-knit and inear population distribution patterns.
  • Know the difference between Urban and Rural.  
  • Know in very basic terms what push and pull factors are.Be able to look at a chart like the one on p.52 of your textbook and be able to answer questions about migration.
  • Be ready to explain why Fredericton grew as a city?  What factors made it the provincial capital?
  • Who were the First Peoples of Atlantic Canada?  (know the four groups: Innu, Algonquian Nations, The Inuit, and the Beothuk).  Know one fact about each of the four groups.  
  • Be able to explain what the result/effect of contact with Europeans was on the First Nations (for example, looking at map on p.55 you can see FN settlements moved further inland away from Europeans AND populations became smaller)
  • The Acadians = who were they?  why did they come to North America?  where did they settle?  what happened to them?  where did they end up and why?
  • British Settlers = why did they come?  where did they settle? who were the Loyalists?  why did they come?
  • Irish = Why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?
  • Scottish = why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?
  • African Canadians = how did they get to Atlantic Canada?  where did they settle?  where did many go? what was Africville

Posted: April 26, 2016

Date: 

Tue, May 3/16 9:40 am

Chapter 5: Responses to Geographic InfluencesTest Review

·         What is Australia’s general location in the world?  Southern hemisphere, eastern hemisphere.   South of the equator but not so much that it would experience cold climates like in Canada.

·         Know, and be able to name, all 5 landform regions of Australia.  Be able to draw similarities between these regions and Canada’s regions. ie: Eastern Uplands are ancient fold mountains like the Appalachian region in Canada. OR Western Craton is ancient shield rock similar to the Canadian (Precambrian) Shield.

·         What is the population of Australia?  How does it compare to Canada?  What is pop.density of Australia? (2.6people/km2) and how does this compare to Canada?

·         What is the population distribution of Australia?

·         Be prepared to name the 3 climate zones of Australia and tell me where they are located within the country.  How do these zones compare to Canada?  Are there ones they have that we do not?  Are there ones we have that they do not?

·         When did Europeans first arrive in Australia? What kind of people first arrived in Australia?  Who was there before they arrived?

·         Be able to describe life for Australia’s aborigines pre-contact with Europeans.

·         Be prepared to compare/contrast Australian Aborigines experience w/ Europeans to North American natives experience with Europeans·         What was the White Australia Policy?  How does this compare to Canadian immigration practices of the past?

·         What are artesian wells and aquifers and why are they important to the economy of Australia?

Posted: April 19, 2016

PowerPoint Presentation : Genocide

Things that must be included/addressed:

  • Where is the country that it took place?  Locate it geographically within the world and discuss its political boundaries.  Good opportunity to use visuals in your powerpoint.
  • At whom was this genocide directed? The particular ethnic group that was the target and how they would differ from the mainstream or from the ‘party’/group committing the genocide.
  • Address how each of the eight stages of genocide were met or accomplished. (use your notes to refresh your memory on what each stage is)
  • A slide showing what was happening in Canada (or outside of Canada that we were involved in) at the time; what were the major events occupying the gov’t at this time?
  • What was Canada’s response to this particular genocide?  What aid, if any, did we provide?  What role did we have?

Due Date: 

Thursday, April 28, 2016

Pages

Documents

World Issues Scrapbook Project Guidelines
Module 3 Assignment (Can. Geog. 120)
Canadian Geography Module 2 Assignment
Canadian Geography - Module 1, Assignment 2