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Research the Giller and Governor General Award winners of the past decade or so; provide a brief overview of the storyline and make observations on themes, characters, settings, conflicts, etc. that might help develop a sense of what Canadian Literary Texts is.  Students should choose 3 different authors from the 2 lists below; attempt to spread out the names so there is no duplicate; it may not be possible but try as best you might.  Students can find these two lists on my website for their ease.  They may discuss in class amongst themselves who is choosing which novel & author. If they book they are currently reading is in the list, they should avoid researching so as not to spoil the endings.

Governor General’s Award Winners

·· 2000: Michael Ondaatje, Anil's Ghost · 2001: Richard B. Wright, Clara Callan · 2002: Gloria Sawai, A Song for Nettie Johnson · 2003: Douglas Glover, Elle · 2004: Miriam Toews, A Complicated Kindness · 2005: David Gilmour, A Perfect Night to Go to China · 2006: Peter Behrens, The Law of Dreams · 2007: Michael Ondaatje, Divisadero · 2008: Nino Ricci, The Origin of Species · 2009: Kate Pullinger, The Mistress of Nothing · 2010: Dianne Warren, Cool Water · 2011: deWitt, Patrick, The Sisters Brothers · 2012: Linda Spalding, The Purchase · 2014 Eleanor Catton, The Luminaries· 2014: Thomas King, The Back of the Turtle · 2015: Guy Vanderhaege, Daddy Lenin and Other Short Stories



Giller Prize Winners

·2000: David Adams Richards, Mercy Among the Children · 2001: Richard B. Wright, Clara Callan · 2002: Austin Clarke, The Polished Hoe · 2003: M.G. Vassanji, The In-Between World of Vikram Vall · 2004: Alice Munro, Runaway · 2005: David Bergen, The Time In-Between · 2006: Vincent Lam, Bloodletting & Miraculous Cures · 2007: Elizabeth Hay, Late Nights on Air · 2008: Joseph Boyden, Through Black Spruce · 2009: Linden McIntyre, The Bishop’s Man · 2010: Johanna Skibsrud, The Sentimentalists · 2011: Esi Edugyan, Half-Blood Blues · 2012: Will Ferguson, 419 · 2013: Lynn Coady, Hellgoing · 2014: Sean Michaels, Us Conductors · 2015: Andre Alexis, Fifteen Dogs


Posted: September 15, 2016


Wed, Sep 21/16 9:43 am

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Canadian IdentityBelow are a list of possible topics/questions that may appear on the test.  By no means are they guaranteed or is this list everything that may appear.  Students are responsible for all things discussed/completed in class and all material covered in Chapter 1. 

-What is Canadian Identity?  How would you define your own identity?

-5 Factors that influence identity = p.2(purple section)

-Canadian symbols = be prepared to draw or name

-art forms = notes & pp.5-9

-First Nations art = notes or p.5

-French Art = notes or p.6

-British Art = notes or p.6

-What is the CRTC? = notes or p.10

-Vocabulary-Analyze song lyrics(will be given lyrics for a song played in class) for aspects of Canadian identity. 

Assignment A

Write a letter (~one page) in which you answer the following questions:

  • What does the term “Canadian Literary texts” mean to you?

  • How is it different than, say, British and American literature?  What characteristics does it possess that make it distinctively unique?

Assignment B

Write a one page response to the videos which depict or show Canadian identity.  The videos were:

Your response could include such things as, “What does it mean to you to be Canadian?”; “why are we so obsessed with how the rest of the world sees us or thinks of us?”; “Why doesn’t the world know more about us?”; “Why do so many stereotypes exist of Canadians?”

Posted: May 31, 2016


Thu, Jun 2/16 10:50 am

Chapter 5: What is Culture? Test Review

·Be able to give a definition of culture and explain the different elements that make up culture.

·What is the difference between a genetic trait and a cultural trait?

·Know what an anthropologist is.

·What are the common characteristics that are found in all cultures according to George P. Murdock? (p.68 in textbook)

·Be able to list/describe what physical needs and emotional needs are.  Also, if given a scenario like on p.70, be ready to describe what needs are being met by that situation.

·What is the difference between material and non-material culture?  What category do values fit in?  Be ready to divide a list AND explain why you did so of cultural characteristics into material and non-material.

·What is traditional culture vs. popular culture?  Explain from where we get popular culture.  How can popular culture sometimes come into conflict or tension with our traditional culture? (eg: for First Nations, it would be popular culture to speak English but many homes still try to promote their First Nations language)

·What is an agent of socialization?  It is an institution or organization which passes culture onto the next generation.  Be prepared to list a few agents of socialization and explain how they pass on culture.

·What are three methods for resolving conflict?  Why do you think we studied those in a chapter called “What is Culture?”  

Posted: May 30, 2016


Wed, Jun 15/16 8:35 am

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Canadian Identity

  • Be prepared to give a personal definition of Canadian Identity, what it includes and what it is affected by.  Feel free to include anything you have learned in this course.

  • ART= French, British, Aboriginal.  How does their art reflect Canadian identity?  What affected or influenced their art?

  • CRTC=What is it? What is its role?  Is it still relevant/needed?

Chapter 2: Canada’s Physical Geography

  • What is topography?  What are the elements of topography (elevation, relief, gradient, geology)

  • How are landforms shaped? (weathering, erosion, deposition, mountain building)

  • Eight Landform Regions = How are Canada’s geographic regions classified?  What are the 8?  Be able to place them on a map.  Be able to describe them or give a detail of each.

  • Climate = what are the Global and Regional factors that effect climate.  Global are:  latitude, air masses & winds, ocean currents; Regional are: altitude, bodies of water, mountain barriers.  Be able to explain how all these factors affect climate.

  • What are the climate regions in Canada? 

    • A. Tropical

    • B. Dry Climate

    • C. Warm, Moist

    • D. Cool, Moist (also known as temperate continental)

    • E. Polar

Chapter 3: Canada’s People

  • Pop.Density & Pop. Distribution:  What are each?  Be prepared to define and explain w/ reference to Canada.  Population Distribution = why have we chosen to live where we have to live? (near the border, around lakes & rivers, near natural resources)

  • Site vs. Situation factors.  Define each.  Be prepared to discuss w/ real life Canadian examples. P.43 in your textbook

  • Canadian settlement patterns = In different regions of Canada, what occurred? The regions of Atlantic Canada, New France(Quebec), Ontario, Prairies, British Columbia and the North

  • Decline of rural population –

    • Know percentages know the dates

      • 1881 = 75% rural

      • 1961 = 62% urban

      • 2001 = 81% urban

    • Industrial revolution…what was it?  What effect would it have on pop. distribution?

  • What are the 5 political regions of Canada?  Be able to name and describe them or give details about them.  P.52 in textbook.

  • Where is the core?  What is it the core?

Chapter 4: Migration

  • Know the different ways that it is believed First Nations came to Canada.

  • Know the difference between Push & Pull factors.  Be prepared to explain or give an example that is clear and understood.

  • What is “multiculturalism”?  Has Canadian immigration always promoted a multicultural society?  If not, explain specifically how not.

  • What is the difference between Canada’s acceptance of immigrants pre-1945 and post-1945?

  • What are the three classes of Canadian immigrants?  Be prepared to explain each.  How many immigrants does Canada accept a year?

  • What is emigration?  What is the “brain drain?”  Why should we be concerned about a brain drain?   Why shouldn’t we be concerned about a brain drain?

Chapter 5: Responses to Geographic Influences

  • Know the location of Australia.  How does it compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the climate zones of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the landforms of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know Australia’s population, population density, population distribution, and land area size.  How do these compare/contrast to Canada?

Chapter 6: Prosperity & Depression

  • What was life like in Canada post World War I?

  • Why was the Maritime economy so particularly depressed just post-WWI? (think about rail/freight costs, tariffs, lack of capital investment)

  • Be prepared to explain the importance of electricity in boosting the economy.  How did lifestyles begin to change in the 1920’s?

  • Era of Prosperity = 1920’s; but not everybody enjoyed prosperity.  Who didn’t and why?  What was life like for them?

  • Tues. Oct.29th, 1929 = Black Tuesday.  What were the root causes of the Depression? (this is on my webpage; for the love of God and all that is holy look it up…for your sake and my sanity)  What was the Depression?

  • What was life like during the Depression?  Be prepared to describe it in detail.

  • Who was Bennett?  Be prepared to discuss him and his importance/legacy.

Chapter 7: Canada at War

  • Be prepared to explain the four phases of WWII and more specifically what Canada’s role was in each of these stages?

  • At war’s end, where did Canada stand in the ranks of world powers?



Tue, Jun 7/16 9:40 am


Chapter 7: Canada at War

  • What are the general dates of the war?  Beginning à End = September of 1939 to May/August of 1945.  Different countries ‘started’ the war at different times; Canada came in Sept.10th, 1939.  Victory in Europe was May 8th, 1945 and Victory in Japan was August 15th, 1945

  • What is generally accepted as the cause of WWII? = Generally believed that the punishing conditions of the Treaty of Versailles caused the War.  It took away land from Germany after WWI and forced it to pay reparations.  Resentment existed and Germany elected a leader who promised he would rip up the Treaty of Versailles.

  • What are reparations? =

  • What is appeasement? =

  • What is conscription? =

  • What are the four phases of the war?  Dates for these?  What was going on in general at this time and what was Canada doing specifically?

    • Phase I = “The Phony War” Sept. ’39 – Jun. ‘40

    • Phase II = begins badly for Allies but by its end it was a question of when not IF they would win.  Jun. ’40 – Jul. ‘43

    • Phase III = Allies on the offensive on all fronts. Jul. ’43 – Jun. ‘44

    • Phase IV = the final phase, the final push. Starts w/ D-Day and landing at beaches in Normandy. Jun. ’44 – Sept.’45

  • Who were the Allies?  Who were the Axis powers? = Allies were Britain, France, Canada, and eventually United States and Soviet Union.  Axis powers were Germany, Italy, and Japan.

  • What was Canada’s role early on in the war?  How did this role change over time?  What caused the change?

  • Explain the significance of the following battles to the war:

    • El Alemein

    • Pearl Harbour

    • Midway

    • Stalingrad

    • Dieppe

    • D-Day Invasion

  • What was the Manhattan project?  What did it create?  What was done with that creation?  Who was involved in the Manhattan project?

  • Atomic Bombs: Where were they dropped?  How many were killed by the initial blast?  How many were killed by the radiation in the months after?  Why were these bombings controversial?

  • What is a genocide? =

  • What was the Holocaust? =

  • How many Jews were killed in the Holocaust?  Were they the only target?  Where were these people killed?  What were these camps called?  What were some of the names of the camps?

Propaganda Posters = Be prepared to interpret and analyze one.  I will be picking one of the posters from the War Museum’s webpage.

Posted: May 29, 2016


Thu, Jun 2/16 2:00 pm


Wed, May 25/16 9:40 am


1.      What was the difference between the 1920s and the 1930s economically?

2.      How did the end of WWI affect the Canadian economy?

3.      How was the experience of Atlantic Canada different from the rest of Canada when talking about the Roaring Twenties? hint: Look in A Stalled Economy for Others

4.      Definitions – need to know, and be able to explain, tariff, primary vs. secondary industry, installment plan

5.      What factors hampered the Maritime economy in the 1920s? (see p.88 of textbook, you’ve already answered this)

6.      What was the experience of the First Nations in the 1920s? Know the word assimilate.  Know residential schools. Know Indian Act restrictions. (all on p.92)

7.      How did electricity drive economic growth in the 1920s?  What effect did mass production have on life of the 1920s?

8.      How did women’s roles change in the 1920’s?  Look at education on p.91 and track through to Changing and Conflicting Attitudes on p.94.

9.      Definitions – know the terms stocks, share, dividend, public relief, public works and balanced budget.

10.  How did the stock market and stocks and shares help the economy to grow in the 1920s (before the Great Depression that is)?

11.  What is Black Tuesday?  When and why did the stock market crash? Answer – Thurs. Oct.24th – Tues.Oct.29th,  1929 because share prices started to fall and became worth less money.  People panicked, tried to get their money out of stocks, this caused them to crash/fall faster.  Without confidence in the market by investors, the market crashed.

12.  What are the root causes of the Depression? Answer - With easy and available credit, people bought and sold more goods.  Credit was even being used to buy stocks.  Everybody believed the good times would not end, so they spent money freely.  Canada’s economy was closely tied to that of the US.  As their economy slowed, so did ours.  In Canada, we relied on trade to foreign countries for growth and by 1932 this dropped by 50%.

13.  Describe the difficult conditions of the Depression – hint: look to “Social Conditions” and “Hard Times Across the Country” in your notes as two sources.

14.  What were the new political parties created out of the Depression?  Why might they be considered only regional parties?  What ideas did each of them offer and why would these ideas have been attractive to Canadians?

15.  Explain the significance of terms like “Bennett buggie,” “eggs Bennett,” “Bennett blanket,” and “Bennett coffee.”  What does this tell us about Canadian’s perceptions of R.B. Bennett.

16.  What was the trend of the unemployment rate in Canada over the course of the late 1920s and 1930s?

17.      From what we have studied, explain why this chapter is titled what it is?


Wed, May 11/16 10:50 am

Chapter 4:  A Place to LiveReview

  • Know the definitions for population density and population distribution.  If given the population and area for each province, be prepared to calculate the population density.
  • Know the difference between clustered, compact, loose-knit and inear population distribution patterns.
  • Know the difference between Urban and Rural.  
  • Know in very basic terms what push and pull factors are.Be able to look at a chart like the one on p.52 of your textbook and be able to answer questions about migration.
  • Be ready to explain why Fredericton grew as a city?  What factors made it the provincial capital?
  • Who were the First Peoples of Atlantic Canada?  (know the four groups: Innu, Algonquian Nations, The Inuit, and the Beothuk).  Know one fact about each of the four groups.  
  • Be able to explain what the result/effect of contact with Europeans was on the First Nations (for example, looking at map on p.55 you can see FN settlements moved further inland away from Europeans AND populations became smaller)
  • The Acadians = who were they?  why did they come to North America?  where did they settle?  what happened to them?  where did they end up and why?
  • British Settlers = why did they come?  where did they settle? who were the Loyalists?  why did they come?
  • Irish = Why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?
  • Scottish = why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?
  • African Canadians = how did they get to Atlantic Canada?  where did they settle?  where did many go? what was Africville



World Issues Scrapbook Project Guidelines
Module 3 Assignment (Can. Geog. 120)
Canadian Geography Module 2 Assignment
Canadian Geography - Module 1, Assignment 2