Mr. Johnston

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Posted: November 2, 2015

REVIEWKnow the difference between weather & climate.Be able to name and explain the following three air masses that affect Atlantic Canada:Continental Arctic, Maritime TropicalMaritime PolarKnow the difference between a high pressure area and a low pressure areaMeteorological Technician --> what are they?  where are some of the places they work? what do they do in the different places they work and why are they needed there?Know the effects that the following have on weather: Latitude, Air Masses, Ocean Currents, Proximity to Water and ElevationSNOW: What is a snowstorm?  What causes them to happen?  What places get more snow and why? What factors are essential in the creation of a snowstorm?Examining weather: what are the three ways and what tools are used at each?Land & Sea - wind guages, sunshine recorder, Stevenson screens for max. & min temps, thermometersFrom the Air - radar, radiosondeFrom Space - satellitesWIND --> What causes wind?(refer back to high and low pressure notes)  What happens to air at the North Pole?  What happens to air at the equator?CLIMOGRAPHS --> practice reading them and know that the line is temperature and the bars are precipitation.  Be sure to read data off of the correct side of graph.  Know that large ranges in temp. suggest a continental climate and low ranges suggest a maritime climate.  Lots of precip. means maritime and little precip suggests continental.

Posted: October 19, 2015

Chapter 2: Our Natural Environment Be able to read a relief map and get information about elevation and some land features (p.19)Know the 5 regions of CanadaKnow how big Canada is as a country in km2Know representative fractions and map scalesBe able to use a straight edge and a map w/ a legend estimate distance between two points on that map.Know all 6 Time zones by name.  Be able to tell me time in one if given a time in any other.Know what the landforms of Atlantic Canada are like.  Be able to describe these landforms.Water forms => be able to contrast and compare like we took down as notes in class.There may be a vocabulary section on the test: it would be a matching type of question if there.

Posted: September 23, 2015

Chapter 1: Finding Your Way ·         Know all vocabulary ·         Physical vs. cultural features = be able to give examples ·         Know how to use coordinates on a topographic map; be able to locate physical/cultural features ·         Know how to find a city using latitude/longitude; know how to give latitude/longitude coordinates for a city ·         Know how to follow directions on a large-scale city map ·         Know names of all four provinces AND their capital cities
Chapter 5: What is Culture?Test Review·         Be able to give a definition of culture and explain the different elements that make up culture.·         What is the difference between a genetic trait and a cultural trait?·         Know what an anthropologist is.·         What are the common characteristics that are found in all cultures according to George P. Murdock? (p.68 in textbook)·         Be able to list/describe what physical needs and emotional needs are.  Also, if given a scenario like on p.70, be ready to describe what needs are being met by that situation.·         What is the difference between material and non-material culture?  What category do values fit in?  Be ready to divide a list AND explain why you did so of cultural characteristics into material and non-material.·         What is traditional culture vs. popular culture?  Explain from where we get popular culture.  How can popular culture sometimes come into conflict or tension with our traditional culture?(eg: for First Nations, it would be popular culture to speak English but many homes still try to promote their First Nations language)·         What is an agent of socialization?  It is an institution or organization which passes culture onto the next generation.  Be prepared to list a few agents of socialization and explain how they pass on culture.·         What are three methods for resolving conflict?  Why do you think we studied those in a chapter called “What is Culture?”
Chapter 4:  A Place to LiveReviewKnow the definitions for population density and population distribution.  If given the population and area for each province, be prepared to calculate the population density.Know the difference between clustered, compact, loose-knit and inear population distribution patterns.Know the difference between Urban and Rural.  Know in very basic terms what push and pull factors are.Be able to look at a chart like the one on p.52 of your textbook and be able to answer questions about migration.Be ready to explain why Fredericton grew as a city?  What factors made it the provincial capital?Who were the First Peoples of Atlantic Canada?  (know the four groups: Innu, Algonquian Nations, The Inuit, and the Beothuk).  Know one fact about each of the four groups.  Be able to explain what the result/effect of contact with Europeans was on the First Nations (for example, looking at map on p.55 you can see FN settlements moved further inland away from Europeans AND populations became smaller)The Acadians = who were they?  why did they come to North America?  where did they settle?  what happened to them?  where did they end up and why?British Settlers = why did they come?  where did they settle? who were the Loyalists?  why did they come?Irish = Why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?Scottish = why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?African Canadians = how did they get to Atlantic Canada?  where did they settle?  where did many go? what was Africville
PowerPoint Presentation On A Genocide Things that must be included/addressed: Where is the country that it took place?  Locate it geographically within the world and discuss its political boundaries.  Good opportunity to use visuals in your powerpoint.At whom was this genocide directed? The particular ethnic group that was the target and how they would differ from the mainstream or from the ‘party’/group committing the genocide.Address how each of the eight stages of genocide were met or accomplished. (use your notes to refresh your memory on what each stage is)A slide showing what was happening in Canada (or outside of Canada that we were involved in) at the time; what were the major events occupying the gov’t at this time?What was Canada’s response to this particular genocide?  What aid, if any, did we provide?  What role did we have?

Posted: April 9, 2015

"Sector Sarajevo" Documentary for World Issues 120

This documentary examines the Canadian UNPROFUR Peacekeepers and their role in Sarajevo under the command of Gen. Lewis Mackenzie.  The Siege of Sarajevo was part of the Bosnian War '92-'95 and as such is part of our class examination of genocide.
Know all definitions related to climateWhy does snow form?How do snowstorms happen?What places get more snow?  Why?Why do we have wind?  What happens to air at north pole?  What happens to air at the equator?Be able to read climographs and get information from them concerning precipitation and temperature.  Also need to be able to draw conclusions about what the climate is normally like in that area.  Be able to compare two climographs to discuss differences in climate.What effect does latitude have on temperature and weather?Be able to explain the three different air masses and what kind of weather is brought by each.Know what a front is (a large volume of air with similar temp. and moisture conditions).Know what happens when ocean currents meet.What is the effect on weather and climate of being next to water?What is the effect on weather and climate of elevation?....to be continued.Know what a meteorological technician does and why they might be important to certain industries.Be able to read data from a radiosonde chart.Know the three ways that we examine weather: from land & sea, from the air, from space.  Know the tools that are associated with each. 

Posted: March 17, 2015

Chapter 2: Our Natural Environment Be able to read a relief map and get information about elevation and some land features (p.19)Know the 5 regions of CanadaKnow how big Canada is as a country in km2Know representative fractions and map scalesBe able to use a straight edge and a map w/ a legend estimate distance between two points on that map.Know all 6 Time zones by name.  Be able to tell me time in one if given a time in any other.Know what the landforms of Atlantic Canada are like.  Be able to describe these landforms.Water forms => be able to contrast and compare like we took down as notes in class.There may be a vocabulary section on the test: it would be a matching type of question if there.

Posted: February 6, 2015

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