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Posted: January 12, 2018

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Posted: January 12, 2018


Fri, Jan 26/18 8:35 am

For Review...either look under Documents tab on this website or refer to that same document handed out to you in class, Monday, January 15th.

Posted: January 12, 2018


Wed, Jan 24/18 9:00 am

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Canadian Identity

  • Be prepared to give a personal definition of Canadian Identity, what it includes and what it is affected by.  Feel free to include anything you have learned in this course.

  • ART= French, British, Aboriginal.  How does their art reflect Canadian identity?  What affected or influenced their art?

  • CRTC=What is it? What is its role?  Is it still relevant/needed?


Chapter 2: Canada’s Physical Geography

  • What is topography?  What are the elements of topography (elevation, relief, gradient, geology)

  • How are landforms shaped? (weathering, erosion, deposition, mountain building)

  • Eight Landform Regions = How are Canada’s geographic regions classified?  What are the 8?  Be able to place them on a map.  Be able to describe them or give a detail of each.

  • Climate = what are the Global and Regional factors that affect climate.  Global are:  latitude, air masses & winds, ocean currents; Regional are: altitude, bodies of water, mountain barriers.  Be able to explain how all these factors affect climate.

  • What are the climate regions in Canada?  A. TropicalB. Dry ClimateC. Warm, Moist D. Cool, Moist (also known as temperate continental)E. Polar


Chapter 3: Canada’s People

  • Pop.Density & Pop. Distribution:  What are each?  Be prepared to define and explain w/ reference to Canada. 

  •  Population Distribution = why have we chosen to live where we have to live? (near the border, around lakes & rivers, near natural resources)

  • Site vs. Situation factors.  Define each.  Be prepared to discuss w/ real life Canadian examples. P.43 in your textbookCanadian settlement patterns = In different regions of Canada, what occurred? The regions of Atlantic Canada, New France(Quebec), Ontario, Prairies, British Columbia and the North

  • Decline of rural population – Know percentages know the dates1881 = 75% rural; 1961 = 62% urban; 2001 = 81% urban

  • Industrial revolution…what was it?  What effect would it have on pop. distribution?

  • What are the 5 political regions of Canada?  Be able to name and describe them or give details about them.  P.52 in textbook.

  • Where is the core?  What is it the core? What is the periphery and what does it provide to the core?


Chapter 4: Migration

  • Know the different ways that it is believed First Nations came to Canada.

  • Know the difference between Push & Pull factors.  Be prepared to explain or give an example that is clear and understood.

  • What is “multiculturalism”?  Has Canadian immigration always promoted a multicultural society?  If not, explain specifically how not.

  • What is the difference between Canada’s acceptance of immigrants pre-1945 and post-1945?What are the three classes of Canadian immigrants?  Be prepared to explain each.  How many immigrants does Canada accept a year?

  • What is emigration?  What is the “brain drain?”  Why should we be concerned about a brain drain?   Why shouldn’t we be concerned about a brain drain?


Chapter 5: Responses to Geographic Influences

  • Know the location of Australia.  How does it compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the climate zones of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the landforms of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know Australia’s population, population density, population distribution, and land area size.  How do these compare/contrast to Canada?  


Chapter 6: Prosperity & Depression

  • What was life like in Canada post World War I?

  • Why was the Maritime economy so particularly depressed just post-WWI? (think about rail/freight costs, tariffs, lack of capital investment)

  • Be prepared to explain the importance of electricity in boosting the economy. 

  • How did lifestyles begin to change in the 1920’s?

  • Era of Prosperity = 1920’s; but not everybody enjoyed prosperity.  Who didn’t and why?  What was life like for them?

  • Tues. Oct.29th, 1929 = Black Tuesday. 

  • What were the root causes of the Depression? (this is on my webpage; for the love of God and all that is holy look it up…for your sake and my sanity) 

  • What was the Depression?  What was life like during the Depression?  Be prepared to describe it in detail. 

  • Who was Bennett?  Be prepared to discuss him and his importance/legacy.  


Chapter 7: Canada at War

  • Be prepared to explain the four phases of WWII and more specifically what Canada’s role was in each of these stages?  At war’s end, where did Canada stand in the ranks of world powers?


Fri, Jan 12/18 9:40 am


Multiple Choice (11pts)

True/False (14pts)

Fill-in-the-Blanks (10marks)

Matching (5pts)

Short Answer (15pts)

Case Study (5pts)



1)  Identify the three different types of criminal offences. What is the distinguishing feature between them?

2)  Why do you think an accused, facing the possibility of a long prison term, has the option of a jury trial?

3)  Whose responsibility is it to determine how to treat a hybrid offence? What factors are taken into consideration when making this decision?

4)  Outline the four circumstances that will give rise to a charge of first degree murder.

5)  What is the actus reus of manslaughter? Include an example in your answer.

6)  Outline in detail the circumstances that must exist for a charge of first degree murder to be reduced to manslaughter.

7)  What three requirements did the Supreme Court of Canada establish in the Ewanchuk case as being essential in proving the actus reus of sexual assault? What two components are required for proof of mens rea according to Ewanchuk?

8)  Why are only certain motor vehicle offences found in the Criminal Code? Name three such offences. Where are most motor vehicle offences located?

9)  Proof of a driver's impairment can be derived from a variety of different sources. Identify at least six different ways this can be done.

10)  Give three examples of evidence that the Crown may use to prove the intention of the accused to traffic in controlled substances.

Posted: January 8, 2018


Fri, Jan 12/18 12:48 pm


1.      What was the difference between the 1920s and the 1930s economically?

2.      How did the end of WWI affect the Canadian economy?

3.      How was the experience of Atlantic Canada different from the rest of Canada when talking about the Roaring Twenties? hint: Look in A Stalled Economy for Others

4.      Definitions – need to know, and be able to explain, tariff, primary vs. secondary industry, installment plan

5.      What factors hampered the Maritime economy in the 1920s? (see p.88 of textbook, you’ve already answered this)

6.      What was the experience of the First Nations in the 1920s? Know the word assimilate.  Know residential schools. Know Indian Act restrictions. (all on p.92)

7.      How did electricity drive economic growth in the 1920s?  What effect did mass production have on life of the 1920s?

8.      How did women’s roles change in the 1920’s?  Look at education on p.91 and track through to Changing and Conflicting Attitudes on p.94.

9.      Definitions – know the terms stocks, share, dividend, public relief, public works and balanced budget.

10.  How did the stock market and stocks and shares help the economy to grow in the 1920s (before the Great Depression that is)?

11.  What is Black Tuesday?  When and why did the stock market crash? Answer – Thurs. Oct.24th – Tues.Oct.29th,  1929 because share prices started to fall and became worth less money.  People panicked, tried to get their money out of stocks, this caused them to crash/fall faster.  Without confidence in the market by investors, the market crashed.

12.  What are the root causes of the Depression? Answer - With easy and available credit, people bought and sold more goods.  Credit was even being used to buy stocks.  Everybody believed the good times would not end, so they spent money freely.  Canada’s economy was closely tied to that of the US.  As their economy slowed, so did ours.  In Canada, we relied on trade to foreign countries for growth and by 1932 this dropped by 50%.

13.  Describe the difficult conditions of the Depression – hint: look to “Social Conditions” and “Hard Times Across the Country” in your notes as two sources.

14.  What were the new political parties created out of the Depression?  Why might they be considered only regional parties?  What ideas did each of them offer and why would these ideas have been attractive to Canadians?

15.  Explain the significance of terms like “Bennett buggie,” “eggs Bennett,” “Bennett blanket,” and “Bennett coffee.”  What does this tell us about Canadian’s perceptions of R.B. Bennett.

16.  What was the trend of the unemployment rate in Canada over the course of the late 1920s and 1930s? 

17.      From what we have studied, explain why this chapter is titled what it is?


Tue, Dec 12/17 9:43 am


Chapter 8: Investigation and Arrest


Multiple Choice (15pts)

Fill-in-the-Blanks (10pts)

Matching (5pts)

Short Answer Questions (15pts)

Case Studies x 2 (5pts each)


1)  Explain the structural organization of a municipal police force. Use examples in your answer where appropriate.

2)  Outline the duties of a police officer.

3)  Give three reasons for preserving crime scenes.

4)  Identify the most frequently used tools in the commission of a crime and explain how they can be used to help solve crimes.

5)  Outline the kind of information that can be learned about a suspect from shoeprint evidence.

6)  What is DNA? Identify an important advantage to DNA testing.

7)  Distinguish between closed and open-ended questions. Use examples in your answer.

8)  What is a summons? Under what circumstances is it usually issued? 

9)  Cameron and his friends are walking home one evening when the police stop them. They proceed to question the young men for several minutes. Cameron eventually informs the officers that he has to get home and asks to leave. He is ignored and the questioning continues. What is Cameron entitled to do at this point?

10)  Peter is out on bail when he is caught breaking into a liquor store. He is arrested and soon after his lawyer makes an application for bail to have him released from custody. Comment on the likelihood of success of this application. Give reasons for your answer.

ESSAY.  Write your answer in the space provided or on a separate sheet of paper.
1)  Discuss the varied roles of forensic scientists in helping to solve crimes.

2)  The police have three ways of apprehending an offender. Outline all three methods and distinguish between them.

3)  You are a patrol officer. You and your partner have been dispatched to a domestic dispute complaint at the Smith residence. When you arrive on the scene, you find Mr. Smith dead on the kitchen floor and Mrs. Smith in hysteria standing close by. Demonstrate your knowledge of the various roles of police officers in outlining the responsibilities of each type of officer who arrives to investigate the crime scene.

4)  Why do you think that strip searches used to be regularly carried out as a matter of routine police department policy applicable to all arrestees? Outline the recent changes to this procedure that resulted from the Supreme Court of Canada decision in the Golden case (2001).

5)  Use evidence from this chapter to support the view that the law considers that "a person's home is their castle." Why do you think this is the case?



Posted: November 27, 2017


Wed, Nov 29/17 1:55 pm

Chapter 4:  A Place to LiveReview

  • Know the definitions for population density and population distribution.  If given the population and area for each province, be prepared to calculate the population density.
  • Know the difference between clustered, compact, loose-knit and inear population distribution patterns.
  • Know the difference between Urban and Rural.  Know in very basic terms what push and pull factors are.
  • Be able to look at a chart like the one on p.52 of your textbook and be able to answer questions about migration.
  • Be ready to explain why Fredericton grew as a city?  What factors made it the provincial capital?
  • Who were the First Peoples of Atlantic Canada?  (know the four groups: Innu, Algonquian Nations, The Inuit, and the Beothuk).  Know one fact about each of the four groups.  Be able to explain what the result/effect of contact with Europeans was on the First Nations (for example, looking at map on p.55 you can see FN settlements moved further inland away from Europeans AND populations became smaller)
  • The Acadians = who were they?  why did they come to North America?  where did they settle?  what happened to them?  where did they end up and why?
  • British Settlers = why did they come?  where did they settle? who were the Loyalists?  why did they come?
  • Irish = Why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?
  • Scottish = why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?
  • African Canadians = how did they get to Atlantic Canada?  where did they settle?  where did many go? what was Africville


Tue, Nov 28/17 9:43 am


Multiple Choice (20pts)

Fill-in-the-Blanks (8pts)

Short Answer Questions (12pts)

Essay Question (10pts)

Case Study (5pts)


SHORT ANSWER.  Sample Short Answer Questions below (you may attempt to answer these at home and bring them in to me in advance of the test to check and see if your answers are sufficient)
1)  Name the three courts in our federal court system established by the federal government.

2)  Differentiate between summary conviction offences and indictable offences.

3)  Explain what a preliminary inquiry is and identify its purpose. In your answer, include the court in which it would be held.

4)  What are the two fundamental principles that guide Canada's criminal justice system?

5)  Identify the three main roles that a judge plays in our court system.  

6)  Explain how the role of defence counsel differs when the accused enters a plea of guilty, as opposed to not guilty. 

7)  Define the term "evidence" and identify what may constitute evidence in trial proceedings.

8)  What does "challenge for cause" mean in jury selection? When does it occur?

9)  When can a motion for dismissal be brought up at trial? 

10)  What is meant by the term "leading question"? Provide an example.

ESSAY: Sample Essay Questions below
1)  Outline the provincial court structure of the province in which you live. Provide a detailed description of the function of each of the courts.

2)  In the order of their occurrence, describe the stages of a criminal trial from opening statements through to sentencing.

Posted: November 6, 2017

The Fifth Estate: Murder in the Family

It was called the trial of the century in New Brunswick - - a confluence of celebrity, money and murder. Richard Oland of the Moosehead brewing family -- one of the richest, most powerful men in the region – was dead, bludgeoned in his office. Charged and convicted with the brutal killing, the victim’s son, Dennis Oland. Last week, Dennis Oland was sentenced to life in prison with no chance of parole for 10 years in the 2011 killing.

Posted: October 31, 2017


Fri, Nov 3/17 2:00 pm


  • Know the difference between weather & climate.
  • Be able to name and explain the following three air masses that affect Atlantic Canada:Continental Arctic, Maritime TropicalMaritime Polar
  • Know the difference between a high pressure area and a low pressure area
  • Meteorological Technician --> what are they?  where are some of the places they work? what do they do in the different places they work and why are they needed there?
  • Know the effects that the following have on weather: Latitude, Air Masses, Ocean Currents, Proximity to Water and Elevation
  • SNOW: What is a snowstorm?  What causes them to happen?  What places get more snow and why? What factors are essential in the creation of a snowstorm?
  • Examining weather: what are the three ways and what tools are used at each?Land & Sea - wind guages, sunshine recorder, Stevenson screens for max. & min temps, thermometersFrom the Air - radar, radiosondeFrom Space - satellites
  • WIND --> What causes wind?(refer back to high and low pressure notes)  What happens to air at the North Pole?  What happens to air at the equator?
  • CLIMOGRAPHS --> practice reading them and know that the line is temperature and the bars are precipitation.  Be sure to read data off of the correct side of graph.  Know that large ranges in temp. suggest a continental climate and low ranges suggest a maritime climate.  Lots of precip. means maritime and little precip suggests continental.


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