Mr. Johnston

Welcome To Our Page

Posted: February 5, 2017

Period 1: Writing 110

  • Students are completing a Preliminary Diagnostic piece of writing.  They chose 1 of 3 topics provided on Friday and are to complete 500wds for Monday (rough draft) to be handed in but NOT to be used for marking.  This is formative assessment.
  • NEED a composition notebook to be used for Quickwrites and Journal entries; of this sort is acceptable and commonly found in dollar stores or drug stores

Period 2: Canadian Identity 9T

  • Read pp.2-3 and answer Review & Reflect questions 2,3 on p.3.

Period 4: Social Studies 8

  • Answer questions 1-3 on p.4 of the textbook.
  • Answer questions 1-3 on p.7 of the textbook.

Period 5: World Issues 120

  • Course outline was handed out and discussed as were the guidelines for the end-of-term Scrapbook Project.
  • Article of the Week:  "Donald Trump Defends Tough Phone Calls."  This article was handed out but is also available here AND is link is provided on the course twitter account @BHSWorldIssues.  Rubric was also provided for how your articles of the week will be marked(I will attach to this site, in the documents tab, those rubric guidelines).  Expectation is that articles of the week will be a response of about 1-page in length and will go beyond summarizing the article; they will reflect upon the implications of the topic discussed on the local, regional and world stage.

Posted: February 2, 2017

Today in class, students were assigned a seating plan.  They were handed out textbooks.  They were given maps of the four Atlantic Provinces. They were taught about Longitude and Latitude.  They were also sent home with a worksheet assignment; the expectation being that they identify the latitude/longitude coordinates for the first three locations: Blackville, NB; O'Leary, PE, & Windsor, NS.  

IF a student was absent or forgot their sheet at school, that is not an excuse.  If you don't understand the work, ask a parent for help; call a friend (you'd do the same for gossip of what happened at school, make it the same for work).

I have, for your benefit included the worksheet and a picture of the map which all of the students are using.


Posted: October 3, 2016

Complete an analysis for either of the two following cases found on pp.49 & 50 respectively:

1. Spain v. Canada (1998), Fisheries Jurisdiction (I.C.J), on-line <>


2. Mazuelos v. Clark (2000), B.C.H.R.T.I.  

Due Date: 

Tuesday, October 11, 2016

Posted: May 30, 2016


Wed, Jun 15/16 8:35 am

Chapter 1: An Introduction to Canadian Identity

  • Be prepared to give a personal definition of Canadian Identity, what it includes and what it is affected by.  Feel free to include anything you have learned in this course.

  • ART= French, British, Aboriginal.  How does their art reflect Canadian identity?  What affected or influenced their art?

  • CRTC=What is it? What is its role?  Is it still relevant/needed?

Chapter 2: Canada’s Physical Geography

  • What is topography?  What are the elements of topography (elevation, relief, gradient, geology)

  • How are landforms shaped? (weathering, erosion, deposition, mountain building)

  • Eight Landform Regions = How are Canada’s geographic regions classified?  What are the 8?  Be able to place them on a map.  Be able to describe them or give a detail of each.

  • Climate = what are the Global and Regional factors that effect climate.  Global are:  latitude, air masses & winds, ocean currents; Regional are: altitude, bodies of water, mountain barriers.  Be able to explain how all these factors affect climate.

  • What are the climate regions in Canada? 

    • A. Tropical

    • B. Dry Climate

    • C. Warm, Moist

    • D. Cool, Moist (also known as temperate continental)

    • E. Polar

Chapter 3: Canada’s People

  • Pop.Density & Pop. Distribution:  What are each?  Be prepared to define and explain w/ reference to Canada.  Population Distribution = why have we chosen to live where we have to live? (near the border, around lakes & rivers, near natural resources)

  • Site vs. Situation factors.  Define each.  Be prepared to discuss w/ real life Canadian examples. P.43 in your textbook

  • Canadian settlement patterns = In different regions of Canada, what occurred? The regions of Atlantic Canada, New France(Quebec), Ontario, Prairies, British Columbia and the North

  • Decline of rural population –

    • Know percentages know the dates

      • 1881 = 75% rural

      • 1961 = 62% urban

      • 2001 = 81% urban

    • Industrial revolution…what was it?  What effect would it have on pop. distribution?

  • What are the 5 political regions of Canada?  Be able to name and describe them or give details about them.  P.52 in textbook.

  • Where is the core?  What is it the core?

Chapter 4: Migration

  • Know the different ways that it is believed First Nations came to Canada.

  • Know the difference between Push & Pull factors.  Be prepared to explain or give an example that is clear and understood.

  • What is “multiculturalism”?  Has Canadian immigration always promoted a multicultural society?  If not, explain specifically how not.

  • What is the difference between Canada’s acceptance of immigrants pre-1945 and post-1945?

  • What are the three classes of Canadian immigrants?  Be prepared to explain each.  How many immigrants does Canada accept a year?

  • What is emigration?  What is the “brain drain?”  Why should we be concerned about a brain drain?   Why shouldn’t we be concerned about a brain drain?

Chapter 5: Responses to Geographic Influences

  • Know the location of Australia.  How does it compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the climate zones of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know the landforms of Australia.  How do they compare/contrast to Canada?

  • Know Australia’s population, population density, population distribution, and land area size.  How do these compare/contrast to Canada?

Chapter 6: Prosperity & Depression

  • What was life like in Canada post World War I?

  • Why was the Maritime economy so particularly depressed just post-WWI? (think about rail/freight costs, tariffs, lack of capital investment)

  • Be prepared to explain the importance of electricity in boosting the economy.  How did lifestyles begin to change in the 1920’s?

  • Era of Prosperity = 1920’s; but not everybody enjoyed prosperity.  Who didn’t and why?  What was life like for them?

  • Tues. Oct.29th, 1929 = Black Tuesday.  What were the root causes of the Depression? (this is on my webpage; for the love of God and all that is holy look it up…for your sake and my sanity)  What was the Depression?

  • What was life like during the Depression?  Be prepared to describe it in detail.

  • Who was Bennett?  Be prepared to discuss him and his importance/legacy.

Chapter 7: Canada at War

  • Be prepared to explain the four phases of WWII and more specifically what Canada’s role was in each of these stages?

  • At war’s end, where did Canada stand in the ranks of world powers?


Posted: May 29, 2016


Thu, Jun 2/16 2:00 pm


Wed, May 25/16 9:40 am


1.      What was the difference between the 1920s and the 1930s economically?

2.      How did the end of WWI affect the Canadian economy?

3.      How was the experience of Atlantic Canada different from the rest of Canada when talking about the Roaring Twenties? hint: Look in A Stalled Economy for Others

4.      Definitions – need to know, and be able to explain, tariff, primary vs. secondary industry, installment plan

5.      What factors hampered the Maritime economy in the 1920s? (see p.88 of textbook, you’ve already answered this)

6.      What was the experience of the First Nations in the 1920s? Know the word assimilate.  Know residential schools. Know Indian Act restrictions. (all on p.92)

7.      How did electricity drive economic growth in the 1920s?  What effect did mass production have on life of the 1920s?

8.      How did women’s roles change in the 1920’s?  Look at education on p.91 and track through to Changing and Conflicting Attitudes on p.94.

9.      Definitions – know the terms stocks, share, dividend, public relief, public works and balanced budget.

10.  How did the stock market and stocks and shares help the economy to grow in the 1920s (before the Great Depression that is)?

11.  What is Black Tuesday?  When and why did the stock market crash? Answer – Thurs. Oct.24th – Tues.Oct.29th,  1929 because share prices started to fall and became worth less money.  People panicked, tried to get their money out of stocks, this caused them to crash/fall faster.  Without confidence in the market by investors, the market crashed.

12.  What are the root causes of the Depression? Answer - With easy and available credit, people bought and sold more goods.  Credit was even being used to buy stocks.  Everybody believed the good times would not end, so they spent money freely.  Canada’s economy was closely tied to that of the US.  As their economy slowed, so did ours.  In Canada, we relied on trade to foreign countries for growth and by 1932 this dropped by 50%.

13.  Describe the difficult conditions of the Depression – hint: look to “Social Conditions” and “Hard Times Across the Country” in your notes as two sources.

14.  What were the new political parties created out of the Depression?  Why might they be considered only regional parties?  What ideas did each of them offer and why would these ideas have been attractive to Canadians?

15.  Explain the significance of terms like “Bennett buggie,” “eggs Bennett,” “Bennett blanket,” and “Bennett coffee.”  What does this tell us about Canadian’s perceptions of R.B. Bennett.

16.  What was the trend of the unemployment rate in Canada over the course of the late 1920s and 1930s?

17.      From what we have studied, explain why this chapter is titled what it is?

Posted: November 27, 2015

Chapter 4:  A Place to LiveReviewKnow the definitions for population density and population distribution.  If given the population and area for each province, be prepared to calculate the population density.Know the difference between clustered, compact, loose-knit and inear population distribution patterns.Know the difference between Urban and Rural.  Know in very basic terms what push and pull factors are.Be able to look at a chart like the one on p.52 of your textbook and be able to answer questions about migration.Be ready to explain why Fredericton grew as a city?  What factors made it the provincial capital?Who were the First Peoples of Atlantic Canada?  (know the four groups: Innu, Algonquian Nations, The Inuit, and the Beothuk).  Know one fact about each of the four groups.  Be able to explain what the result/effect of contact with Europeans was on the First Nations (for example, looking at map on p.55 you can see FN settlements moved further inland away from Europeans AND populations became smaller)The Acadians = who were they?  why did they come to North America?  where did they settle?  what happened to them?  where did they end up and why?British Settlers = why did they come?  where did they settle? who were the Loyalists?  why did they come?Irish = Why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?Scottish = why did they come?  where did they settle primarily?African Canadians = how did they get to Atlantic Canada?  where did they settle?  where did many go? what was Africville

Posted: November 2, 2015

REVIEWKnow the difference between weather & climate.Be able to name and explain the following three air masses that affect Atlantic Canada:Continental Arctic, Maritime TropicalMaritime PolarKnow the difference between a high pressure area and a low pressure areaMeteorological Technician --> what are they?  where are some of the places they work? what do they do in the different places they work and why are they needed there?Know the effects that the following have on weather: Latitude, Air Masses, Ocean Currents, Proximity to Water and ElevationSNOW: What is a snowstorm?  What causes them to happen?  What places get more snow and why? What factors are essential in the creation of a snowstorm?Examining weather: what are the three ways and what tools are used at each?Land & Sea - wind guages, sunshine recorder, Stevenson screens for max. & min temps, thermometersFrom the Air - radar, radiosondeFrom Space - satellitesWIND --> What causes wind?(refer back to high and low pressure notes)  What happens to air at the North Pole?  What happens to air at the equator?CLIMOGRAPHS --> practice reading them and know that the line is temperature and the bars are precipitation.  Be sure to read data off of the correct side of graph.  Know that large ranges in temp. suggest a continental climate and low ranges suggest a maritime climate.  Lots of precip. means maritime and little precip suggests continental.

Posted: October 19, 2015

Chapter 2: Our Natural Environment Be able to read a relief map and get information about elevation and some land features (p.19)Know the 5 regions of CanadaKnow how big Canada is as a country in km2Know representative fractions and map scalesBe able to use a straight edge and a map w/ a legend estimate distance between two points on that map.Know all 6 Time zones by name.  Be able to tell me time in one if given a time in any other.Know what the landforms of Atlantic Canada are like.  Be able to describe these landforms.Water forms => be able to contrast and compare like we took down as notes in class.There may be a vocabulary section on the test: it would be a matching type of question if there.

Posted: September 23, 2015

Chapter 1: Finding Your Way ·         Know all vocabulary ·         Physical vs. cultural features = be able to give examples ·         Know how to use coordinates on a topographic map; be able to locate physical/cultural features ·         Know how to find a city using latitude/longitude; know how to give latitude/longitude coordinates for a city ·         Know how to follow directions on a large-scale city map ·         Know names of all four provinces AND their capital cities